In a 2002 interview, Clementine’s daughter Mary blamed that period for her mother’s lifelong anxiety and lack of confidence. Throughout her life she was granted many titles, the final being a life peerage following the death of her husband in 1965. "She was thought to have overstepped the mark a … 110 (presumed dead) Born. She was the wife of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. The tragic death of Clementine’s 16-year-old sister, Kitty, from typhoid fever, also affected her deeply. She suffered from at least one breakdown and took frequent solo vacations. 1921 According to Clementine's daughter, Mary Soames, Clementine was deeply struck by Sickert and thought he was the most handsome and compelling man she had ever seen. Both were the product of unstable marriages: while Churchill’s mother allegedly got through 200 lovers, Clementine’s blue‑blooded mama, Lady Blanche Hozier, kept a mere 10. Clementine was Winston’s rock, but their marriage was anything but peaceful. His parents were cold and distant, leaving him at school for long periods of time and neglecting him; his closest childhood relationship was with his nanny. She advised him on complex political issues and befriended his allies. Ogilvy died in Denver, Colorado, in 1881 and was succeeded in his titles by his older son, David. She went ashore and sailed for home the next morning. Lady Blanche maintained that Clementine's biological father was Capt. She brought back from this trip a Bali dove. Following Sir Winston's death, on 17 May 1965 she was created a life peer as Baroness Spencer-Churchill, of Chartwell in the County of Kent. In 1908 churchill married clementine hozier the daughter of sir henry and lady blanche hozier. Born in London to Lady Blanche Henrietta Hozier, it is unknown just who her father was.  On their first brief encounter, Winston had recognised Clementine's beauty and distinction; now, after an evening spent in her company, he realised she was a girl of lively intelligence and great character. I think the backstory Penhaligon’s have created for this perfume matches it very well. Clementine Churchill outside the Royal Academy in Piccadilly, London. Henrietta Blanche Ogilvy was born 8 November 1852 in Piccadilly, Greater London, England, United Kingdom to David Graham Drummond Ogilvy, 5th Earl of Airlie (1826-1881) and Henrietta Blanche Stanley (1830-1921) and died 23 March 1925 in Dieppe, Seine-Maritime, Normandy, France of unspecified causes. Lady Spencer-Churchill died at her London home, at 7 Princes Gate, Knightsbridge, of a heart attack on 12 December 1977. Colonel Henry Montague Hozier. Lady Blanche maintained that Clementine's biological father was Capt. Clementine was sent to stay with an aunt during Kitty’s illness, and did not realize she was saying goodbye forever. She was awarded honorary degrees by the University of Glasgow, University of Oxford and University of Bristol. , On 12 September 1908, Winston and Clementine were married in St. Margaret's, Westminster, they honeymooned in Baveno, Venice, and Veveří Castle in Moravia; before settling into a London home at 33 Eccleston Square. Birth of Lady Henrietta Blanche Hozier. His Other Children. Clementine Churchill’s life is little remembered, but she was a driving force behind the great statesman. She was twice secretly engaged to Sir Sidney Peel, who had fallen in love with her when she was 18. And again and again, she provided the strength Winston needed to bounce back and lead a country in crisis. Henry Hozier Bio Details. (Credit: W. G. Phillips/Topical Press Agency/Getty Images).  The Hoziers' happy life in France ended when Kitty, the eldest daughter, was struck with typhoid fever. , During the First World War, Clementine Churchill organised canteens for munitions workers on behalf of YMCA in the North East Metropolitan Area of London, for which she was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 1918.. Sir winston churchill son of lord and lady randolph churchill and grandson of the 7th duke of marlborough was prime minister of the united kingdom between 26 october 1951 6 april 1955 and 10 may 1940 26 july 1945. The couple had their differences, but when it came to Winston’s career, Clementine was firmly in his corner. Born to aristocratic parents, her early life was lonely and marked by rumor and scandal. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Lady Blanche had given birth in some haste to Clementine Ogilvy Hozier on the drawing room floor of her London townhouse in Grosvenor Street on 1 April 1885 (eleven years after Churchill’s equally precocious arrival at Blenheim Palace). Though it was customary for women of Clementine’s class to become debutantes, Blanche, fearing her bad reputation could harm her daughter, hesitated to launch her into society. , As the wife of a politician who often took controversial stands, Clementine was used to being snubbed and treated rudely by the wives of other politicians. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. After Sir Henry found Lady Blanche with a lover in 1891, she managed to avert her husband's suit for divorce due to his own infidelities, and thereafter the couple separated. For other uses, see, Wife of Sir Winston Churchill and a life peeress in her own right, Algernon Bertram Freeman-Mitford, 1st Baron Redesdale, Commander of the Order of the British Empire, Maternity Hospital for the Wives of Officers, Fulmer Chase, "International Datelines – Two More Churchill Datelines", "Archival material relating to Clementine Churchill", Portraits of Clementine Ogilvy Spencer-Churchill, Baroness Spencer-Churchill, Winston & Clementine Churchill - UK Parliament Living Heritage, Spouse of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Spouses of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Never was so much owed by so many to so few, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Clementine_Churchill&oldid=997460905, Dames Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire, Spouses of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Pages containing London Gazette template with parameter supp set to y, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 16:39. I think it works in every season, but it shines in Summer evenings and nights. Lady (Henrietta) Blanche Ogilvy was married to Colonel Henry Hozier at the time of her liaison with Capt. Also thanks to Hereford Archives According to Blunt's entry in the Oxford DNB, he had an affair with Lady Blanche Hozier in the 1890s. He had previously taken a public stance against votes for women, much to his wife’s chagrin. But her mother, Lady Blanche Hozier, saw that her education was surely founded. Blanche Hozier Children. Too far from sober men. In 1904, when Clementine was 19, she attended a dance at which 29-year-old Winston Churchill was present. Like Clementine, Winston had survived a lonely childhood. Children Together. She was the only Churchill child who grew up without grappling with alcohol, divorce or suicide: The couple’s oldest daughter, Diana, killed herself with a drug overdose in the 1960s. She was 92 years old and had outlived her husband by almost 13 years, as well as three of her five children. Nellie Hozier, daughter of Lady Blanche Hozier and sister of Clementine Churchill. Though she kept a low profile, she was the driving force behind the seemingly bulletproof British prime minister—and Winston himself credited her as the primary driver behind his astonishingly successful life. He left Blanche when Clementine was six years old, plunging her mother—a notorious gambler—into relative poverty. Vera, Lady Broughton, a guest of Moyne, said "hear, hear" at the criticism of Churchill. Provenance Accepted by HM Government in lieu of inheritance tax on the estate of the Right Honourable the Lady Soames and … Whatever her true paternity, Clementine is recorded as being the daughter of Lady Blanche and Sir Henry. Clementine Ogilvy Spencer Churchill, Baroness Spencer-Churchill, GBE (née Hozier; 1 April 1885 – 12 December 1977) was the wife of Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, and a life peer in her own right. Lady Blanche had given birth in some haste to Clementine Ogilvy Hozier on the drawing room floor of her London townhouse in Grosvenor Street on 1 April 1885 (eleven years after Churchill’s equally precocious arrival at Blenheim Palace). It was 1909 and Winston Churchill, a British member of parliament, had just arrived in Bristol with his new wife, Clementine. Blanche HOZIER, Lady (born OGILVY)married Henry Montague HOZIER. Clementine was educated first at home, then briefly at the Edinburgh school run by Karl Fröbel, the nephew of the German educationist, Friedrich Fröbel, and his wife Johanna and later at Berkhamsted School for Girls (now Berkhamsted School) and at the Sorbonne in Paris. In 1943, when Winston was nearly prostrated by pneumonia and heart problems, Clementine flew to Carthage to be at his side and nursed him back to health. She married Henry Montague Hozier (1838-1907) 28 September 1873 in Cortachy Castle, … On 23 September 1851, he married Hon. Though Clementine had five children with Winston, she spent little time with them. During the darkest days of World War II, the world needed heroes. Clementine Ogilvy Hozier was born April 1, 1885, the daughter of Sir Henry Hozier, a cavalry colonel, and Lady Blanche Ogilvy Hozier, daughter of the Seventh Earl of Airlie. Lady Blanche maintained that Clementine's biological father was Capt. The Clementine Churchill Hospital in Harrow, Middlesex, is named after her. A spendthrift, Winston was perpetually in debt, but his ambition went further than money. However, no conclusive evidence of this has been produced: indeed, Philip was believed by many to have been homosexual. Four years later, Clementine ran into Winston at a dinner party. “He never uttered one word and was very gauche.”, The engagement picture of Winston Churchill and Clementine Hozier. Winston Churchill campaigning with his wife Clementine in his constituency of Woodford. Randolph struggled with suicide, and Sarah married three times, once without her parent’s knowledge or approval. And most incredibly, it is me—the least favored and often ignored of her children—who has rendered mute the outspoken Lady Blanche Hozier. 1865 December 20, 1865. It does not do to wander born 1885, died 1977, age 92 Her Other Children. No judgmental lectures on her pet topics, no public redressing for perceived slights, no under-the-breath yet audible remarks about bourgeois acquaintances. When it died, she buried it in the garden at Chartwell beneath a sundial. William George (Bay) Middleton. London. Clementine's mother, Lady Blanche Hozier, daughter of the Earl of Airlie, was a lifelong gambler who was said to have nine lovers. William George "Bay" Middleton, a noted horseman; Mary S… Blanche Hozier Partner(s) Other Children. Clementine Churchill was born Clementine Ogilvy Hozier in Mayfair, London, England, on 1st April 1885. During the course of their 57-year-long marriage, Clementine helped her husband get out of political and personal trouble repeatedly. Genealogy for Lady Henrietta Blanche Hozier.  However, Clementine's biographer, Joan Hardwick, has surmised (due in part to Sir Henry Hozier's reputed sterility) that all Lady Blanche's "Hozier" children were actually fathered by her sister's husband, Algernon Bertram Freeman-Mitford, 1st Baron Redesdale (1837–1916), better known as a grandfather of the famous Mitford sisters of the 1920s. Although legally the daughter of Henry Montague Hozier and Lady Blanche Hozier (a daughter of David Ogilvy, 10th Earl of Airlie), her paternity is a subject of much debate, as Lady Blanche was well known for infidelity. And sometimes Clementine could not take the stress. After Sir Henry found Lady Blanche with a lover in 1891, she managed to avert her husband's suit for divorce because of his own infidelities, and thereafter the couple separated. While legally the daughter of Sir Henry Hozier, her mother’s known infidelity and his suspected infertility make her paternal parentage uncertain. However, the tragic fate of her daughter Marigold, who died when she was two years old, deeply traumatized both Winston and Clementine. “I tell Clemmie everything,” Winston confided in Franklin Delano Roosevelt. born 1885, died 1977, age 92 with Henry Hozier. Birth of David Ogilvy, 11th Earl of Airlie. Instead, a wealthy aunt did the honors. (Credit: Bettmann Archive/Getty Images). After Sir Henry found Lady Blanche with a lover in 1891, she managed to avert her husband's suit for divorce because of his own infidelities, and thereafter the couple separated. She steadfastly supported her husband, even when he risked nearly everything to become prime minister.  After her death, it was discovered that she had destroyed the Graham Sutherland portrait of her husband because Sir Winston had disliked it. The latter came to be a great friend of the family. Clementine never became a statesman, but she helped create one. You have known my family for so many years that there is no need to say very much in this letter. On the sundial's base, she had inscribed: HERE LIES THE BALI DOVE This group consisted of military men, writers and painters, such as Aubrey Beardsley and Walter Sickert.  A blue plaque also commemorates her residence there.  In March 1908, they met again when seated side by side at a dinner party hosted by Lady St Helier, a distant relative of Clementine's. The daughter of Sir Henry and Lady Blanche Hozier, Clementine spent her childhood in London's Mayfair before being relocated with her family to Dieppe, France. Clementine waited for her host to offer a conciliatory word but, when none came, she stormed back to her cabin, wrote a note to Moyne, and packed her bags. And she boosted his confidence during his many bouts with depression, which he called his “black dog.”, Mrs. Winston Churchill, with her daughters Mary and Sarah, after her investiture by the Queen at Buckingham Palace, where she became a Dame of the British Empire, 1946. In her final few years, inflation and rising expenses left Lady Spencer-Churchill in financial difficulties and in early 1977 she sold at auction five paintings by her late husband. But there’s an island yonder, Lady Henritetta Blanche Hozier Age. Clementine Churchill was born Clementine Ogilvy Hozier, on April 1, 1885, in Mayfair, London, England, to British army officer and secretary of ‘Lloyd's of London,’ Sir Henry Hozier, and his wife, Lady Blanche Hozier, daughter of David Ogilvy, 10th Earl of Airlie. Clementine’s parents, Lady Blanche Hozier and Henry Montague Hozier, despised one another and were so famously unfaithful that associates assumed none of their children were fathered by Henry. The attacker shoved him toward a moving train—but Clementine pushed through a pile of luggage and literally grabbed him by the coattails, saving his life. Churchill married her daughter Clementine on Saturday 12 September 1908. The words were about Britain’s evacuation of Dunkirk but they could just as easily have been about Clementine, the woman who helped her husband conquer two world wars—and his personal demons. Monday 08 Nov 1852. After more than 56 years of marriage, Clementine was widowed on 24 January 1965 when Winston died at the age of 90. Lady Blanche had given birth in some haste to Clementine Ogilvy Hozier on the drawing room floor of her London townhouse in Grosvenor Street on 1 April 1885 (eleven years after Churchill’s equally precocious arrival at Blenheim Palace). Davidwas born on May 4 1826, in Marylebone, London, Middlesex, England. Clementine grew up with her sisters, Kitty and Nellie. During this trip, many believe that she had an affair with Terence Philip, a wealthy art dealer seven years her junior. While touring Russia near the end of the war, she was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labour.. It found one in Winston Churchill, the statesman whose speeches helped keep Britain and its allies going in times of hardship, deprivation and death. Although legally the daughter of Sir Henry Hozier and Lady Blanche Hozier (a daughter of David Ogilvy, 10th Earl of Airlie), her paternity is a subject of much debate, as Lady Blanche was well known for infidelity. Birth of Lady Griselda Johanna Helen Cheape. Clementine was ambitious, too—but, cleaving to the social customs of the early 20th century, she poured those instincts into her husband instead of herself. She died in her London home at the age of 92. William George "Bay" Middleton, a noted horseman; Mary Soames, Clementine's youngest child, believed this.  After five months of meeting each other at social events, as well as frequent correspondence, Winston proposed to Clementine during a house party at Blenheim Palace on 11 August 1908, in a small summer house known as the Temple of Diana. However, she could take only so much. There the family spent an idyllic summer, bathing, canoeing, picnicking, and blackberrying. They had one daughter: Clementine Ogilvy CHURCHILL (born HOZIER). This time, she liked him more—and he liked her. People Projects Discussions Surnames When he insisted on volunteering to fight in the trenches of World War I to redeem himself after championing a disastrous campaign in Gallipoli, she supported him—even warning him not to come back too quickly. , Clementine first met Winston in 1904 at a ball in Crewe House, home of the Earl and Countess of Crewe. You’re right, even though she was legally the daughter of Sir Henry Hozier and Lady Blanche Hozier (a daughter of David Ogilvy, 10th Earl of Airlie), and there were rumors that her real father was actually a Duke (her mother was famous for her many lovers). There was some question about her paternity: Her titular father had been uninterested in procreation, and the “sexy, bored and lonely” Lady Blanche Hozier had looked elsewhere — … Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. Once, traveling with Lord Moyne and his guests, the party was listening to a BBC broadcast in which the speaker, a vehemently pro-appeasement politician, criticised Winston by name. Birth of Clementine Gertrude Helen Ogilvy. After a few months of courtship, they married in 1908. , "Lady Churchill" redirects here. She is buried with her husband and children (with the exception of Marigold who is interred in Kensal Green Cemetery in London) at St Martin's Church, Bladon, near Woodstock in Oxfordshire. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Lady Henritetta Blanche Hozier Age. Sharp but playful in an almost deceiving way. “Winston just stared,” she recalled later. This presented not just financial problems, but social ones. Firence, Italia. When her next daughter, Mary, was born a few years later, the couple resolved to raise her differently. Blanche Hozier … In 1946, she was appointed a dame grand cross of the Order of the British Empire, becoming Dame Clementine Churchill GBE. In the 1930s, Clementine travelled without Winston aboard Lord Moyne's yacht, the Rosaura, to exotic islands: Borneo, Celebes, the Moluccas, New Caledonia, and the New Hebrides. Start a FameChain Add to my FameChain. “My dear Lady Blanche Hozier, Clementine will be my ambassador today. Shy, passionate, and high-strung, she hated publicity, but it followed her throughout her life. All 304 characters in Clementine: The Life of Mrs. Churchill are listed by chapter with character descriptions included. 1854 June 19, 1854. In her later years, she sold several of her husband’s portraits to help support herself financially. I have asked her to marry me & we both ask you to give your consent & your blessing. Clementine was not impressed, especially when he did not ask her to dance. 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