But, in the past 10 to 15 years, schools have increasingly adopted policies that favor Islam, the majority religion, ordering Muslim students to wear Muslim-styled uniforms either every day or at least on Fridays, when Muslims go to mosque. >> Basic Data of Indonesia . Based on Education Development Index reported by UNESCO in 2011, Indonesia is on the 69th position of its education development. C. May/Shostal Associates. In 2003 the unemployment rate for college graduates with the sarjana degree was approximately 20 percent, and 10 percent for graduates of professional schools. The ministry of Education also stated that 4 children dropped out from school every minute in Indonesia. In Indonesia education is centrally controlled by the ministry of national education. The government’s Household Health Survey estimated an illiteracy rate of 7 percent, with more females (10 percent) than males being illiterate (4 percent) and with higher rates in rural (10 percent) than in urban areas (4 percent; Badan Pusat Statistik, 2007b). Interesting Facts About Indonesia [Source: Library of Congress *], The character of Indonesia’s education system reflects the country’s diverse religious heritage, its struggle for a national identity, and the challenge of resource allocation in a poor but developing archipelagic nation with a population that is young (median age 27.6 years) and growing (at an estimated annual rate of about 1.1 percent) in 2009. Lecturers often have other jobs outside the university to supplement their wages. 245 million people live in Indonesia, and the majority are Muslims. The Indonesian school system is immense and diverse. Gender Equality Context in Indonesia. Ministry of Education in Indonesia expects this system could be an effective way to remove cheating habits in Indonesia. Those are ten facts of Education in Indonesia. According to UNICEF, 92.8 percent of girls and 92.7 percent of boys are enrolled in primary school. By Jill Bartholomew, Junior Writer. Henny Supolo, head of Yayasan Cahaya Guru, a teachers’ nonprofit foundation, said that from 2007 to 2010, the organization provided training to 4,500 teachers from 2,000 schools, an overwhelming majority of whom were female teachers from public schools. In fact, Indonesia … They are likely to work for covering their family needs than study at school. According to data from Ministry of Education in 2010 access to education in Indonesia still needs attention, more than 1.5 million children each year can not continue school. Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world and has one of the highest literacy rates in Asia (females 93.59% and males 97.17%). Scary facts about Indonesia. The time for doing CBT is also limited. They substituted the guidelines to “compare various opinions” for the “Communist Party” in the section related to the September 1965 attempted coup. Based on Education Development Index reported by UNESCO in 2011, Indonesia is on the 69 th position of its education development. The students will have no time to ask the answer to other students or even cheating. Tremendous progress was made toward the goal of universal education under Suharto. An Indonesian. Such issues “are largely under the jurisdiction of local governments, in the framework of regional autonomy,” he said. Higher education has suffered from a lecture-based system, poor laboratories, a shortage of adequate textbooks in Indonesian, and a poor level of English-language proficiency, which keeps many students from using such foreign textbooks as are available. 7. Education; Entertainment; High-Interest; Religion; Sports; All Interesting Facts; Geography; Asia; Indonesia Facts; 75 Interesting Facts about Indonesia. Due to lack of sex education, then when they are teenagers, they are less able to cope with the growth of their hormones. Lies said. [Source: Al-Jazeera], Curriculum and Religious Education in Indonesia. The Dutch established Nood Universiteit (Emergency University) in Jakarta in 1946, and the following year changed its name to Universiteit van Indonesië (UVI), or University of Indonesia. ^+^, “Some schools now hold a daily mass recital of the Koran before formal classes begin. That is why they are categorized as the happiest students. They played a major role in the ouster of Suharto in 1998. Elyazar, Simon I. Hay, and J. Kevin Baird, PMC Apr 13, 2011]. The most of parents are obsessed to make the children become multitalented. Indonesia consists of hundreds of volcanic islands, making it prone to natural disasters such as hurricanes and earthquakes. [Ibid], The colonial government greatly limited education in Dutch and the vernaculars, and people were primarily trained for civil service and industrial and health professions. Remuneration for primary- and secondary-school teachers, although low, compares favorably with that in other Asian countries such as Malaysia, India, and Thailand. In the mid 2000s Islamic factions and parties pushed through a national education bill which required schools to provide students with religious teaching according to their faiths. Some schools also offer an accelerated learning program in which students who perform well can complete the level in two years. But in each case, “the central government, in this case the Ministry of Education, just lets it happen.” ^+^, “Jilbab, which has become so ubiquitous in Indonesia, became popular only in the post-Suharto years. Unrest has occurred among masses of job applicants who seek to remain in cities but do not find positions commensurate with their view of themselves as graduates. In Indonesia educations begins with six years of elementary school ( sekolah dasar, SD) followed by three years of middle school ( sekolah menengah pertama, SMP) followed by three years of high school ( sekolah menengah atas, SMA). Depend on a survey that is conducted by PISA (Programme for International Students Assessment) in 2015, the students of Indonesia is the happiest students compared to other students from abroad. ^+^, “Many parents like Ms. Education in Indonesia falls under the responsibility of the Ministry of Education and Culture (Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan or Kemdikbud) and the Ministry of Religious Affairs (Kementerian Agama or Kemenag). **, Indonesian institutions of higher education offer a wide range of programs. It was composed of units of BPTRI and UVI; the name Universiteit Indonesia was later changed to Universitas Indonesia. The primary phase follows on after optional pre-school playgroups that may commence in a child’s third … In many remote areas of the Outer Islands, in particular, there is a severe shortage of qualified teachers, and some villages have school buildings but no teachers, books, or supplies. Since the 1970s, however, primary-school teachers have been required to have graduated from a senior high school for teachers, and teachers of higher grades have been required to have completed a university-level education course. Indonesian mass education, with a different philosophy, has had the effect of producing more graduates than there are jobs available, even in strong economic times. Indonesia, officially known as Republic of Indonesia is a country located in the Southeast Asia comprising of 17,508 islands. [Source: Yenni Kwok, New York Times, June 15, 2014 ^+^], “About 400 kilometers, or 260 miles, away, in Yogyakarta, central Java, another parent, Tri Agus Susanto Siswowiharjo, says he would like to send his daughters to a public secondary school, but he, too, is worried that they would have to wear Islamic dress. Government programs have given resources to those who need help, and there are many positives in the list of Top 10 Facts About Hunger In Indonesia. The official age of entry is seven, but many pupils enter at the age of six. An amateur content writer. Although he is a Muslim, he said he believed that religion belonged in the private sphere and should not be imposed. Christian students sit together in one room, within hearing of the Koranic recital, to read the Bible, the teacher said. The education system pushes the student to study a lot of exact science rather than the practical skill. Term of Use | Privacy Policy | Adchoices | Disclaimer. Adult literacy rate 90.4 percent in 2009. As a result of her protest, she said, the order was rescinded — though her teenage daughter decided to wear the head scarf anyway to fit in with her friends. There is a tree-dwelling cannibal tribe in West Papua Learn about the city’s landscape, people, economy, cultural life, history, and more in this article. It was since 2015 the government applied computer based test for national exam. These destroyed schools had once … At that time, Suharto issued an order to set aside portions of oil revenues for the construction of new primary schools. Let us know some interesting facts about Indonesia. “Wearing a jilbab should be voluntary,” said Ms. Retno, who wears one.” ^+^. *. Honesty Canteen, Honesty stall, and honesty corner is now exist at schools. Providing textbooks and other school equipment to Indonesia’s 37 million schoolchildren throughout the far-flung archipelago continues to be a significant problem as well, especially in more remote areas. Before then, public school students and teachers were banned from wearing head veils on school grounds and those who did so could be expelled. Questions or comments, e-mail ajhays98@yahoo.com, Education, Health, Energy, Transportation - Education in Indonesia. But the ministry’s spokesman, Ibnu Hamad, says the central government does not have powers to intervene. Thus, they send their children to musical school, mathematics school, or English course after school. The first university was not opened until 1920. Its beautiful nature and archipelago seems like become the invitation for a people abroad to visit Indonesia. Only in the last years of colonial rule did the Dutch try to build an educational system. Indonesia is perfectly safe to visit as a tourist, so don’t let these scary Indonesia facts put your trip on hold. Surprisingly, while the middle economic people like to send their students to school at early age, there are still a million of teens and children could not continue their study. Mr. Tri Agus, a political communications lecturer at a rural-development college whose wife is Catholic, now sends his daughters to a private Catholic primary school. The major academic degree programs are the sarjana (literally “scholar,” roughly corresponding to a bachelor’s degree) and the pasca sarjana (master’s or doctoral degree). Professional schools offer “diploma” and “specialist” degrees, the latter graded either “SP1" or “SP2," depending on the level of advancement. It is because they want their children to study early. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit. Because doctoral programs are few in Indonesia and there is little money to support education overseas, this situation is improving only slowly. 10 Reasons Why Learn Indonesian is Easier Than... Let’s Know the 4 Oldest Universities in Indonesia, 5 Best Christian Universities in Indonesia. Although she herself was a Muslim and a graduate of an Islamic university in Jakarta, she went to the school to object to the imposition of the religious uniform in a state school. Education curriculum in Indonesia has been changed several times. © Factsofindonesia.com -All Right Reserved. According to the International Study Center by Boston College in 2001 the archipelago ranked 34th in 38 countries in math ability among 8th grade and 32nd in science ability. And out half of those who finish middle school graduate from high school. Not all of students in Indonesia do cheating, but the rate of cheating in Indonesia could be categorized as high. School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education): total: 13 years; male: 13 years; female: 13 years (2011). Though, a perfecteducation in Indonesia spent seventeen years to complete—one year in kindergarten, s… Text Sources: New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Times of London, Lonely Planet Guides, Library of Congress, Compton’s Encyclopedia, The Guardian, National Geographic, Smithsonian magazine, The New Yorker, Time, Newsweek, Reuters, AP, AFP, Wall Street Journal, The Atlantic Monthly, The Economist, Global Viewpoint (Christian Science Monitor), Foreign Policy, Wikipedia, BBC, CNN, and various books, websites and other publications. In 2005 the central government launched a massive plan known in English as the School Operation Fund that pumped billions of rupiah directly into schools. Read also: Education Curicculum in Indonesia; Moral Education in Indonesia; 2. Of these institutions, 3 percent were public, with 57.1 percent of the student enrollment, and 97 percent were private, with 42.9 of the student enrollment. By 2009 there were 2,975 institutions of higher education and more than 4.2 million students. Indonesia is a country that is well known of the great number of natural resources. The system is supervised by the Ministry of National Education (which is responsible for nonreligious, public schools—about 92 percent of total enrollment at the primary level and 44 percent at the secondary level) and the Ministry of Religious Affairs (which is responsible for religious, private, and semiprivate schools—about 15 percent of total enrollment). The uniform is aimed to manage the students so they can tidy up their self well. That is why there are so many changes in curriculum during 50 years. Education in Indonesia The New Order Period; Key points of policy in the field of education in the New Order period were directed to create wider learning opportunities and be balanced with the improvement of education quality. Indonesia was formerly known as the Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East Indies). With over 50 million students and 2.6 million teachers in more than 250,000 schools, it is the third largest education system in the Asia region and the fourth largest in the world (behind only China, India and the United States). Since 2000, for example, courses in “Pancasila Morality” have been known as “Civic Education” and their intensity and propagandistic qualities much reduced. Indonesia - Indonesia - Housing: In rural areas the floors of dwellings consist of pounded earth, concrete, or raised wood, while wooden framing supports walls of woven bamboo matting; the roofs are of dried palm fibre, tiles, or wood. “We are so nervous in facing social and moral problems like teen delinquency that we are turning to irrational religious teachings,” Ms. You stay at class during 5-7 hours at school and go out for less than forty five minutes of rest time. In Indonesia, all citizens must undertake twelve years of compulsory education which consists of six years at elementary level and three each at middle and high school levels. *. “Muslim schoolgirls now have to wear a jilbab,” Ms. Dewi said. Most religious schools emphasize Islamic values and thought. It was founded in Yogyakarta on December 9, 1949, but was giving its first lectures in early 1946 (when Yogyakarta was the Republican capital). The drop out rate among poor teenagers doubled to 25 percent after the Asian economic crisis. They made Indonesians obey laws they did not like, and after many years- in Aug 17, 1945- they declared independence from the Netherlands. The ministry of Education also stated that 4 children dropped out from school every minute in Indonesia. The Dutch limited education to an amount needed to fill positions in the civil service and society of the time. [Source: Library of Congress *]. [Source: CIA World Factbook], Twelve-year public and private primary and secondary education system; the first nine years mandatory. It shows that 66% of the schools in the remote area lacks of teachers. In 2013, Indonesia ranked last in a landmark education report that measured literacy, test results, graduation rates and other key benchmarks in 50 nations. From 2001 to 2004, the number of students completing their sarjana degrees grew dramatically from about 308,000 in 2001 to nearly 683,000 in 2004, a 122-percent increase. This constitutes 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. On this year of 2013, the curriculum will be changed with an integrative thematic concept applied to elementary, junior high, high school, and vocational school. Bandung Institute of Technology (Institut Teknologi Bandung) is the top technical university. A central goal of the national education system is not merely to impart secular wisdom about the world but also to instruct children in the principles of participation in the modern nation-state, its bureaucracies, and its moral and ideological foundations. If a university has a religious affiliation, it can cover some of its costs with donations or grants from international religious organizations. Fact 2) […] In public schools, emphasis on moral and civil studies under the rubric of Pancasila was altered after the end of the New Order. The government provides only limited scholarship support for students wishing to attend private universities. At the time of formal independence in 1949, the republic had few schools or university faculties. In 1973, nearly 20 percent of youth were illiterate. The figure plummeted afterwards in part because parents needed their children to help bring in money. In this effort the government has received considerable support from the World Bank, United Nation agencies, foreign governments, and private foundations. Based on the survey of Human Resource in Indonesia, the percentage of elementary school graduates in Indonesia is 70%, and 22,40%  of them is high school graduates, meanwhile there are just 7,2% of them is a college graduates. But it does not happen in Indonesia. Hence, the Portuguese seized the Moluccas, the chief spice-producing region. Education in Indonesia is compulsory and provided free of charge at public schools from grades one to nine (six years of elementary education and three years of junior secondary education). When it was completed in 1962 to host the Asian Games it’s original capacity was 120,800 people, which would have made it the second largest today. Indonesia also happens to possess the sixth worst inequality of wealth in the world. There are some 1,634 institutions of higher education, including the University of Indonesia in Jakarta, founded by the Dutch in the 1930s, and Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta, founded by Indonesians in 1946. It is not necessarily to go to preschool or higher education such as college—it is purely one’s decision and didn’t affect the education system itself. 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