88, 2007, pp. Furthermore, a “Japanese embassy”. 8The aim of this paper is to consider the “history textbook issue” from both the Japanese and Korean perspectives. In other words, the Japanese aggression that began in the late nineteenth century is a trauma whose consequences remain visible today, but which is fundamentally seen as an anomaly. In the regions of East and South‑East Asia that were invaded, by Japan, there were also many civilian victims –including women and children–, whether killed on the battlefield or taken away for forced labour. SEOUL - It was anticipated that the Japanese government would authorize the publication of eight kinds of revised history textbooks, including the most controversial one authored by a right-wing scholars’ group, called the Association to Make New Textbooks. 3), Tōkyō Daigaku Shuppan‑kai 東京大学出版会, 1992, p. 45. The sole reproach made of a majority of Japanese textbooks concerned the absence of any mention of “comfort women”. Teachers have no decision‑making power in this system. While it is possible that some Koreans may have indulged in piracy by masquerading as, , they were in a minority; these exceptions do not challenge the fact that the. (Statement by the Japanese Society for History Textbook Reform on the adoption of history and civics textbooks for 2005): http://www.tsukurukai.com/02_about_us/05_adopt.html (23 October 2008). What's worse, Japanese youth who learn the twisted history from these authorized textbooks will form incorrect views of history which won't match those of people in other countries. 5 Statement made on 15 August 1995 to mark the 50th anniversary of the end of the Second World War, in which Murayama Tomiichi apologised (“o wabi no kimochi o hyōmei suru” おわびの気持ちを表明する) for the damage and suffering inflicted on Asian countries subjected to Japanese colonial rule and aggression. 45From the Korean point of view, the Ōsaka Shoseki textbook no doubt has the virtue of acknowledging that the Seikan‑ron was designed to use Korea as a diversion to solve a domestic problem within Japan,62 however, it nonetheless continues the trend of describing a closed Korea refusing all diplomatic relations.63. This idea is echoed by many Korean historians: , p. 283) is far more factual than the Korean textbook and devotes little space to Hideyoshi’s unknown motives. cit., p. 97, Rekishiteki bun’ya, op. It should not be conflated with historical revisionism, a broader term that extends to newly evidenced, fairly reasoned academic reinterpretations of history.. In the Japanese embassy set up in Pusan, Korea, silver and bronze were exported while cotton, Korean ginseng and raw silk were imported.52, 38Concerning the first two points, namely the resumption of diplomatic relations and sending of Korean embassies, the Korean government merely criticised the imprecision of Japanese textbooks but refrained from providing its own interpretation of the reasons behind this rapprochement. On the other hand, responsibility for choosing textbooks at public schools (kōritsu gakkō 公立学校), which are grouped according to selection areas (saitaku chiku 採択地区), lies with the Municipal Boards of Education (Shichōson Kyōiku Iinkai 市町村教育委員会). The Ministry of Education’s attempts to whitewash the reality of Japan’s actions in China, by requesting for example that authors replace the term “invasion” (, ), unleashed a flurry of protests within Asia. Three points were raised by the Korean government. In the subsequent edition (2006) this passage was modified as follows: The Japanese Empire also took women, who were exploited in so‑called battalions of workers for the homeland [kŭllo pogugtae. 332‑333. 85 Michael J. Seth, A Concise History of Korea, Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 2006, p. 32. Zhao, Yali; Hoge, John D. Social Education, v70 n7 p424-430 Nov-Dec 2006. 11 Nohira Shunsui 野平俊水, Kankokujin no nihon gishi 韓国人の日本偽史 (Japanese History Falsified by the Koreans), Tokyo, Shōgakukan 小学館, 2002, p. 6. Thus, Korea had not refused to “open up” but merely to change the nature of the friendly relations it had maintained since the beginning of the Edo period. Countering Textbook Distortion: War Atrocities in Asia, 1937-1945 . They demonstrate that on the contrary, late‑fourteenth‑century Wakō originated predominantly from Japan, and in particular Shikoku and Kyūshū.37 While it is possible that some Koreans may have indulged in piracy by masquerading as Wakō, they were in a minority; these exceptions do not challenge the fact that the Wakō were perceived by the Koryŏ and Chosŏn dynasties as being “Japanese”.38 This viewpoint is clearly expressed in the Korean secondary school textbook, which presents Wakō as “Japanese pirates based out of Tsushima Island”,39 it also seems to be tacitly shared by the main books on Korean history published in Korea, the West or Japan, since they make no mention of the presence of Koreans among Wakō pirates.40. The modification of eight passages from the Yi Dynasty to transit through in... Jūgun ianfu 従軍慰安婦 ( Army comfort women ), Ebisu no 89 Chunghakkyo Kuksa ( sang ) 중학교 국사 national! 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